The challenge of our resources

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Veolia Group #LivingCircular


International public opinion research

« The challenge of our resources » has been conducted by Elabe on behalf of Veolia. This study is based on two sets of data : international public opinion and public statistics

Dates of field surveys

Surveys conducted from November 10th to December 4th 2017

Georgraphical Perimeter

28 countries
AFRICA: South Africa, Côte d’Ivoire, Marocco.
AMERICA: Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Columbia, Mexico, United States.
ASIA : China, India, Japan, Saoudi Arabia, South Korea, United Arab Emirates.
EUROPE : Belgium, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom.
OCEANIA: Australia.


The study has been conducted using representative national samples of population aged 18 and more and +
500 people interrogated in each country, amounting to 14 000 respondents.
Representativness provided by the quota sampling method applied to genre, age, socio-professional variable or to equivalent reference depending on the country, region.

Collection Method

Online in 27 countries
Côte d’Ivoire : face to face


  • Assessment of the current food, energy and ecological situation
  • Perception of urgency of the current food, energy and ecological situation
  • Likelyhood of large scale implementation of solutions in the country in 20 years's time
  • Importance given to behavioural, technological, regulatory and financial tools to overcome the challenge of resources
  • Assessment of the country's capacity to address the food, energy and ecological challenges within the next 20 years
  • Sense of interdependance bewteen countries in terms of food, energy and pollution.

Public Statistics

GDP per capita ($ nominal value)
Population (in millions)
Estimated population by 2040 (in millions)
Annual GDP growth rate (in %)


Consumption of chemical fertilisers (in kg per hectare of arable lands)
Recycling rates (% of collected waste)
Connection to a waste water treatment system
Exposure to particulate matter pollution
Carbon dioxide emission


Nutritional intake
Undernutrition (% of the poulation)
Access to clean water (% of the population)
Share of the argicultural lands
Food expenditure (% of the total household budget)


Individual energy consumption (gigajoule per person)
Energy mix
Share of renewable energy (% of gross energy consumption)
Access to electricity (% of the population)


World Bank, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Energy Agency (IEA), World Health Organization (WHO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME).
For all indicators, latest available data have been selected.